فاکتورهای پیشرفته موثر بر کشت بزرگ‌ مقیاس انواع ریزجلبک و اثرات آن در افزایش بهره وری

نوع مقاله : مروری

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی محیط زیست، دانشکده مهندسی عمران و محیط زیست، دانشگاه ملی ملایر، ملایر، ایران

2 گروه میکروبیولوژی نفت، پژوهشکده علوم پایه کاربردی جهاد دانشگاهی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

10.30495/iper.2022.689654

چکیده

شاید سخن گفتن در باب کاربری انواع گونه­های ریزجلبکی در زمینه­های مختلف، رویکردهای جهانی جهت افزایش بهره­وری کشت این موجودات و نیل به برتری اقتصادی در کنار منافع عظیم زیست­محیطی (مانند تصفیه فاضلاب و تثبیت CO2)  گزاف باشد. جهت دستیابی به این افزایش بهره­وری، تمرکز بر فاکتورهای مختلف موثر بر کشت در پژوهش­های اخیر جهانی مشاهده می­شود. در مورد برخی از این فاکتورها نظیر شرایط نوری، دما، غلظت مواد مغذی، میزان CO2 و نظایر آن پژوهش­­های مختلفی صورت گرفته است. لذا در این مقاله سعی شده با پرهیز از تکرار مقدمات و ذکر مجدد کاربری­ها و یا بازگوئی اثرات فاکتورهای مذکور، صرفا پژوهش­هائی مرور شوند که بر روی برخی فاکتورهای کمتر آزموده اما با تاثیرات مهم بر افزایش بهره‌وری کشت به ویژه در مقیاس بزرگ تمرکز کرده­اند. لذا در ابتدا محیط­های مختلف کشت شامل آب شیرین، آب دریا و فاضلاب جهت به کارگیری در کشت انبوه تشریح و مقایسه شده و گونه­های برتر هریک از محیط­ها معرفی شده­اند و سپس روش‌های مختلف کشت شامل فتواتوتروفیک، هتروتروفیک، میکسوترفیک و فتوهتروتروفیک مقایسه شده­اند. به استفاده مجدد از آب بازیافتی فرآیند کشت ریزجلبک­ها جهت کاهش هزینه­های تصفیه و پمپاژ و چالش‌های مرتبط با آن نگاهی شده و در انتها اثر تنش­ها (که بواسطه تجهیزات بکارگرفته شده و در فرآیندهای کشت­ بزرگ­مقیاس از دغدغه­های اصلی است) بر روی بهره‌وری کشت و راهکارهای کاهش این اثرات مورد نظر قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Advanced Factors Affecting Microalgae Large-Scale Cultivation and Their Effects on Productivity Improvement

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sasan Ghobadian 1
  • Neda Soltani 2
1 Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Malayer National University, Malayer, Iran
2 Department of Petroleum Microbiology, Research Institute of Applied Basic Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Perhaps talking about the use of microalgae species in various fields, global approaches to increase the productivity and شchieving economic superiority alongside لreat environmental benefits وis superfluous.
Some of these factors such as illumination conditions, temperature, nutrient concentration, CO2 content and the like have been researched befor. Therefore, in this article, simply review researches that focuses on some less tested factors but with significant effects on increasing culture productivity, especially on a large scale.
Therefore, at first, different cultivation environments including fresh water, sea water and sewage for use in mass cultivation are described and compared and the superior species of each environment are introduced. Then different culture methods including photototrophic, heterotrophic, mixotrophic and photothetrophic were compare. Reuse of recycled water for microalgae cultivation process to reduce treatment and pumping costs and related challenges is considered. Finally, the effect of shear stresses (coused by equipments and is a major concern in large-scale cultivation) on cultivation productivity and ways to reduce these effects is considered.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Recycled water in cultivation
  • Shear stress in microalgae
  • Large-scale cultivation
  • Cultivation of microalgae
  • Culture Medium
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