مدیریت تنش خشکی با استفاده از تنظیم کننده‌های رشد و عنصر روی بر عملکرد ذرت (Zea Mays L.) 704 در استان اصفهان

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه زراعت، واحد چالوس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، چالوس، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی صفات مورفولوژیک و عملکرد ذرت رقم 704 سینگل‌کراس تحت تاثیر محلول‌پاشی مواد تنظیم کننده‌های رشد و تنش خشکی در استان اصفهان آزمایشی در دو سال زراعی به صورت مجزا در قالب اسپلیت پلات با 3 تکرار به اجرا درآمد. تیمار اصلی شامل تنش خشکی در 3 سطح شاهد، تنش ملایم و تنش شدید (به‌ترتیب آبیاری بر اساس 100، 85 و 70 درصد نیاز آبی ذرت)، و تیمار فرعی محلول‌پاشی شامل تیمار محلول‌پاشی آب مقطر به عنوان شاهد، کود نانو روی (دو گرم در یک لیتر آب)، سالیسیلیک‌اسید (5 میلی‌مولار)، آبسزیک‌اسید (100 میکرومولار)، جیبرلین (100 پی‌پی‌ام) بود. نتایج حاصل از این آزمایش نشان داد اثر سال بر عملکرد بیولوژیک، پروتئین‌خام و عملکردعلوفه‌تر معنی‌دار شد. تیمارهای تنش‌های خشکی و تیمارهای محلول‌پاشی بر صفات شاخص سطح برگ، شاخص کلروفیل، عملکرد بیولوژیک، پروتئین‌خام و عملکرد علوفه‌تر معنی‌دار گردید. بیشترین عملکرد علوفه‌تر با 44/90 تن در هکتار در تیمار آبیاری کامل با سالیسیلیک‌ اسید حاصل شد. تیمار سالیسیلیک ‌اسید منجر به افزایش عملکرد علوفه‌تر تحت شرایط آبیاری کامل گردید، همچنین تیمار سالیسیلیک‌اسید به‌ترتیب باعث کاهش خسارت 27 و 9 درصدی در تیمارهای تنش ملایم و تنش شدید گشت. با توجه به نتایج آزمایش و بررسی روند رشد محصول استفاده از تیمار سالیسیلیک ‌اسید طی سه دوره محلول‌پاشی در سه مرحله هشت برگی، غلاف دوگانه و در قبل از ظهور تاسل، توانست میزان خسارت تنش خشکی به عملکرد علوفه‌تر را کاهش داده و برای شرایط مشابه با آزمایش حاضر قابل توصیه می‌باشد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of drought stress management by hormones and zinc on forage yield of Zea Mays L. 704 in Isfahan Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Morteza Sam Deliri
  • Morteza Moballeghi
  • Sanaz Solymanpour
  • Amir Abbas Mousavi Mirkalaei
Department of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Chalous Branch, Chalous, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to study the morphological traits and yield of maize 704 SC under the influence of spraying with growth regulators and drought stress conditions in Isfahan, an experiment was conducted for two years based on the split plot design with 3 replications. The main treatment included drought stress at three levels of control (irrigation based on 100% water requirement of corn), mild stress (based on 85% of the plant's water requirement), and severe stress (based on 70% of the plant's water requirement). The second treatment included spraying with distilled water as control, abscisic acid (100 mM), gibberellin (100 ppm), salicylic acid (5 mM), and Nano-zinc (2 gl-1 water). The results of this experiment showed that the effect of year on biological yield, crude protein, and forage yield were significant. Also, the effect of drought stress and spraying on leaf area index, chlorophyll index, biological yield, crude protein, and forage yield were significant. Also, the effect of drought stress and spraying on leaf area index, chlorophyll index, biological yield, crude protein and forage yield were significant. The highest forage yield (90.44 t ha-1) was obtained under the complete irrigation with salicylic acid treatment. Salicylic acid treatment resulted in higher forage yield under the complete irrigation conditions. Salicylic acid treatment also reduced the damage of mild and severe stress treatments by 27 and 9%, respectively. According to the results of the experiment and CGR, using salicylic acid treatment during three foliar application periods at eight-leaf, before tassel emergence, and at the milky stage was able to reduce drought stress and is recommended for conditions similar to the present experiment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Abscisic acid
  • Chlorophyll index
  • crude protein
  • Gibberellin
  • Salicylic acid
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