تاثیر اکسید سیلیسیم و اسید سالیسیلیک بر عملکرد، اجزای عملکرد و برخی خصوصیات بیوشیمیایی خربزه (Cucumis melo var. inodorus)

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه علوم باغبانی و مهندسی فضای سبز، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

10.30495/iper.2021.679518

چکیده

این پژوهش به منظور افزایش عملکرد و کیفیت محصول خربزه در سال 1397 به صورت آزمایش فاکتوریل با دوعامل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با 3 تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد انجام شد. فاکتور­های آزمایش شامل محلول­­پاشی نشاء­ها با­ اسید سالیسیلیک در سه غلظت (0، 1 و 2 میلی­مولار) و فروبری ریشه آنها در محلول اکسید سیلیسیم در سه غلظت (0، 5/0 و 1 گرم در لیتر) بود. صفات مورد آزمایش شامل تعداد روز تا گلدهی، تعداد میوه در بوته، متوسط وزن میوه، متوسط تولید میوه در بوته، عملکرد نهایی،میزان فنل کل، فعالیت آنتی­اکسیدانتی، محتوای پرولین و کربوهیدرات محلول بود. نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد که بیشترین میزان عملکرد میوه، کربوهیدرات محلول و فعالیت آنتی­اکسیدانتی مربوط به اثر متقابل محلول­پاشی 2 میلی­مولار اسید سالیسیلیک و کاربرد 5/0 گرم در لیتر اکسید سیلیسیم بود. میزان پرولین و فنل کل در تیمار محلول­پاشی 2 میلی­مولار اسید سالیسیلیک و کاربرد 5/0 گرم در لیتر اکسید سیلیسیم نسبت به شاهد افزایش یافت. در این آزمایش تیمار محلول­پاشی 2 میلی­مولار اسید سالیسیلیک و کاربرد 5/0 گرم در لیتر اکسید سیلیسیم برتری بیشتری نسبت به دیگر تیمار­ها در اکثر صفات اندازه­گیری شده داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of silicon oxide and salicylic acid on yield, yield components, and some biochemical properties of Persian melon (Cucumis melo var. inodorus)

نویسندگان [English]

  • mojtaba salahiostad
  • malihe morshedloo
  • Mohammad Moghaddam
Department of Horticulture Science and Landscape Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study was carried out to enhance yield and quality of Persian melon crop in a factorial experiment based on a randomized complete block design with three replications at the Research Farm of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad in 2018. The treatments consisted of foliar application of salicylic acid at three concentrations (0, 1, and 2 mM) and root drowning in the aqueous solution of silicon oxide at three concentrations (0, 0.5, and 1 g/L). The measured traits were the number of days to flowering, average fruit weight, average fruit production per plant, fruit number per plant, final yield, total phenol, antioxidant activity, proline, and soluble carbohydrate. Results showed that the highest fruit yield, total carbohydrate, and antioxidant activity were obtained in the interaction effect of 2 mM salicylic acid spray with 0.5 g/L silicon oxide application. The amount of proline and total phenol increased in 2 mM salicylic acid and 0.5 g/L silicon oxide treatment compared to control. In this experiment, foliar application of 2 mM salicylic acid with 0.5 g/L silicon oxide were superior to other treatments in the most measured traits.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • antioxidant activity
  • number of days to flowering
  • proline yield
  • Total phenol
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