تأثیر نانو ذرات نقره و وزن بنه بر صفات فیزیولوژیک و مورفولوژیک زعفران (Crocus sativus L.) تحت شرایط اقلیمی سیستان

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه اصلاح نباتات و بیوتکنولوژی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

2 گروه تولیدات گیاهی و گیاهان دارویی، پژوهشگر پژوهشکده زعفران، دانشگاه تربت حیدریه، تربیت حیدریه، ایران

چکیده

به‌‌منظور بررسی تأثیر نانو ذرات نقره و وزن بنه بر صفات فیزیولوژیک و مورفولوژیک زعفران تحت شرایط اقلیمی منطقه سیستان آزمایشی در روستای دادی واقع در بخش تیمور آباد شهرستان ‌هامون به‌ صورت فاکتوریل با طرح پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی و ۳ تکرار بر دو وزن مختلف بنه زعفران (شامل کمتر از 8 گرم و بیشتر از ۸ گرم) و دو غلظت تیمار نانو نقره (صفر وppm ۵۰) طی دو سال متوالی، ۱۳۹3 تا 1395 انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که استفاده از تیمار نانو ذرات نقره در هر دو سال تاثیر معنی‌دار بر صفات مورفولوژیکی و فیزیولوژیکی داشته و کلیه صفات مورد بررسی را در مقایسه با شاهد افزایش داد. همچنین تاثیر تیمار وزن بنه نیز بر تمامی صفات در طی این دو سال در بنه‌های بزرگتر از 8 گرم معنی‌دار شد. نتایج حاصل از تجزیه صفات کمی و رنگ زعفران به روش HPLCنشان داد که در سال‌های اول و دوم رنگیزه، طعم و عطر زعفران در نمونه‌ای که به محلول نانو ذرات نقره آغشته شده بود افزایش قابل ملاحظه‌ای نسبت به نمونه شاهد داشت. مقایسات نشان داد که در نمونه‌های بیشتر از ۸ گرم افزایش صفات نسبت به نمونه‌های کوچک‌تر معنی‌دار بود. نتایج این تحقیق نشان می‌هد که بنه گیاه زعفران با اندازه مطلوب درصورتی که در شرایط محیطی گرم و خشک تحت تأثیر محلول نانو نقره با غلظت‌های مناسب قرار گیرد می‌توان شاهد افزایش صفات کمی و کیفی و حتی بهبود صفات اقتصادی در این گیاه بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of silver nanoparticles and corm weight on physiological and morphological traits of saffron (Crocus Sativus) under Sistan climatic conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Mahmoodi 1
  • nafiseh mahdinezhad 1
  • barat ali fakheri 1
  • ahmad ahmadian 2
1 Department of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, Collage of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
2 Department of Plant Production and Medical Plants, Research Institute of Saffron, Torbat Heidarieh University, Irany
چکیده [English]

In order to survey the effect of silver nano-silver particles and weight of corm on physiological and morphological features of Crocus Sativus under climatic conditions in the area of Systan, an experiment was carried out based on a factorial randomized complete base-blocks design with three repetitions using two different weights of Crocus Sativus corm (more and less than 8 g) and two different concentrations of nano-silver treatment (zero and 50 ppm) in Dadi village located in Teymourabad district of Hamoun province during two consecutive years 2014-2016. Findings indicated that the treatment with nano-silver particles (AgNPs) had a significant effect on the morphological and physiological properties during the both study years and increased all traits under study as compared with the control. Moreover, the treatment including corm weight more than 8 g had significant effects on all properties under study during these two years. The results of analysis of the quantitative traits and color in saffron, which was done by HPLC method, showed that flavonoids, flavor, and odor of saffron in the sample soaked in the Ag Nanoparticles' solution remarkably increased in comparison with the control. Comparisons also indicated that the samples weighing more than 8 grams had a more significant increasing rate of the traits compared with the lighter samples. The results of the present study also showed that under hot and dry conditions and if the saffron corms with optimal size are exposed to suitable concentrations of Ag nanoparticle solution, increased qualitative and quantitative traits is observed, and this can even lead to improved economical properties in the plant.  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Crocin
  • Crostein
  • Corm
  • Picrocrocin
  • Safranal
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