ارزیابی اثر تلفیقی کودهای آلی با شیمیایی بر برخی خصوصیات مورفولوژیکی، فیزیولوژیکی، اجزای عملکرد و عملکرد فلفل دلمه ای سبز ( Caspsicum annuum, Var:Traviata) در شرایط مزرعه

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاوری و منابع طبیعی خراسان رضوی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، مشهد، ایران،

2 مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گلستان، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، گرگان، ایران،

3 گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران،

4 گروه گیاهان دارویی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران،

چکیده

     به منظور بررسی اثر تلفیقی کودهای آلی و شیمیایی بر خصوصیات رویشی و عملکرد فلفل دلمه­ای سبز، آزمایشی در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد در سال 1396 اجرا شد. تیمارها شامل شاهد (بدون اضافه کردن هیچ کودی)، کود شیمیایی NPK، کود دامی، ورمی­کمپوست، ورمی­کمپوست+ شیمیایی، دامی+ شیمیایی، دامی+ ورمی­کمپوست و دامی+ ورمی کمپوست+ شیمیایی بود. نتایج نشان داد که اعمال کود تلفیقی دام و شیمیایی سبب افزایش چشمگیری بسیاری از شاخص­های مورفولوژیکی و اجزای عملکرد در گیاه شد. بیشترین ارتفاع بوته، تعداد برگ، سطح برگ، وزن خشک اندام هوایی، شاخص اسپد، طول میوه، تعداد میوه در بوته و وزن تر میوه در بوته از اعمال تیمار کود دامی به همراه کود شیمیایی به دست آمد. استفاده از کود دام و شیمیایی سبب افزایش 45 درصدی هدایت روزنه نسبت به شاهد شد. بیشترین تعداد حفره در میوه از تیمار ورمی کمپوست و بیشترین قطر میوه از ترکیب کود ورمی کمپوست و کود شیمیایی حاصل شد. به طور کلی نتایج نشان داد استفاده توام کود دامی و شیمیایی, به دلیل اثر بهبود­ دهندگی ساختمان فیزیکی و شیمیایی خاک، تحریک برخی میکروارگانیسم­ها و در دسترس قرار دادن عناصر غذایی سبب افزایش بسیاری از صفات مورفولوژیکی، اجزای عملکرد  و عملکرد فلفل دلمه­ای شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of the Integration Effect of Organic with Chemical Fertilizer on Some Morphological, Physiological, Yield Components and Performance of Sweet Pepper (Caspsicum Annuum, Var: Traviata) in Field Conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • sayd fazel fazeli kakhki 1
  • hossein rezvani 2
  • morteza goldani 3
  • nastaran hemmati 4
1 Khorasan Razavi Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center , Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Mashhad, Iran.
2 Gorgan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center , Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Gorgan, Iran
3 Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
4 department of horticulture science, faculty of agriculture, ferdowsi university of iran
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the integration effect of organic and chemical fertilizer on vegetative and yield characteristics of sweet pepper (Caspsicum annuum, Var: Traviata), an experiment was conducted on a randomized complete block design with three replications at Ferdowsi University Research Station Mashhad in 2017. Treatments were included control (without adding any fertilizer), NPK fertilizer, animal, vermicompost, vermicompost+chemical, animal+chemical, animal+vermicompost and animal+vermicompost+chemical. The results showed that the application of combined animal and chemical fertilizers significantly increased the morphological and yield components of the plant. The highest plant height, leaf number, leaf area, shoot dry weight, spad index, Fruit length, number of fruits per plant and fruit fresh weight per plant were obtained from combined animal and chemical treatments. Used of combine animal and chemical fertilizer was increased amount of stomata conductance about 45% in compare of control. The highest number of cavities in fruit was obtained from vermicompost treatment and the highest fruit diameter was recorded from combined vermicompost in chemical fertilizer. In general, the results showed that the use combine of animal and chemical fertilizer due to the effect of improving physical and chemical structure of soil, stimulation of some microorganisms and availability of nutrients, lead to increase the morphological traits, yield components and yield of sweet pepper.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Capsicum annum
  • Organic Fertilizer
  • Spade Index
  • Stomatal Conductance
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