اثر کاربرد ترکیبی روغن ‌ولک، کلسیم و پتاسیم بر زمان شکوفایی و فیزیولوژی تحمل به سرمای جوانه انگور (Vitis vinifera L.)

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه تولیدات گیاهی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ملایر، ملایر، ایران

2 گروه مهندسی فضای سبز، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ملایر، ملایر، ایران

چکیده

به ­منظور بررسی اثر محلول­پاشی کلسیم، پتاسیم و روغن ولک به­صورت تلفیقی و جداگانه بر زمان شکوفایی جوانه و شاخص­های فیزیولوژیکی تحمل به سرما در انگور بی­دانه­سفید، آزمایشی به ­صورت طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با چهار تکرار در سال 1396 در یک تاکستان20 ساله واقع در روستای عباس آباد از توابع شهرستان خنداب استان مرکزی انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل شاهد، روغن ولک، روغن ولک+  کلسیم، روغن ولک+  پتاسیم، پتاسیم، کلسیم، کلسیم + پتاسیم و ولک + کلسیم+ پتاسیم بود. تاک­ها با روغن ولک (1%) کلسیم (2%) و پتاسیم (3%) در اواخر اسفند طی دو مرحله نوک­پنبه­ای و یک هفته بعد محلول­پاشی شدند. تیمار ترکیبی ولک + کلسیم + پتاسیم منجر به تاخیر در باز شدن جوانه­ها به مدت 5 روز در مقایسه با تاک­های شاهد شد. بیشترین غلظت کربوهیدرات، فنل کل و پروتئین­محلول در تاک­های تیمار شده با ترکیب کلسیم + پتاسیم بدست آمد و کمترین این ترکیبات مربوط به تیمار ولک به تنهایی و شاهد بود. بیشترین میزان کلروفیلa ، b، کاروتنوئیدها و کلروفیل کل از تیمار ترکیبی کلسیم + پتاسیم و کمترین این رنگیزه­ها در تیمار ولک مشاهده شد. بیشترین محتوای آب نسبی، نشت یونی و پراکسیداسیون لیپیدهای غشاء در تاک­های شاهد مشاهده شد. با توجه به نتایج این پژوهش، برای اجتناب از سرمای دیررس بهاره در تاکستان­ها تلفیق محلول­پاشی روغن ولک + کلسیم + پتاسیم در باغات انگور مناسب تشخیص داده شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Combined Application of Volck Oil, Calcium and Potassium on Budburst and Cold Tolerance Physiology of Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abbas Sabberi 1
  • Rouhollah Karimi 2
1 Department of Landscape Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran
2 Department of Landscape Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effects of foliar application of calcium (Ca), potassium (K) and Volck oil separately or in combination on budburst and cold tolerance related physiological indices in Bidaneh-Sefid grapevine, a randomized complete block design with four replications was conducted in 2017 in a commercial vineyard located in Abasobad of Khondab town of Markazi province. The treatments included control, Volck oil, Volck oil + Ca, Volck oil + K, K, Ca, Ca + K and Volck oil + Ca + K. the vines sprayed with Volck (1%) of calcium (2%) and potassium (3%) in two stages in mid April at the wooly stage and one week later. The traits included days to budburst, ion leakage, peroxidation of membrane lipids, chlorophyll a and b, relative water content, soluble carbohydrates, proline, soluble proteins and phenol. The combined treatment of Volch + Ca + K resulted in 5 day retardant in budburst compared to control vines. The highest concentrations of carbohydrate, phenol and protein were obtained with Ca + K combined treatment, and the lowest ones were observed in both control and Volck oil- treated vines. The highest amounts of chlorophyll a, b, carotenoids and total chlorophyll were obtained from Ca and K treatment and the lowest was observed in Volck oil treatment. The highest concentrations of proline, carbohydrate, and soluble protein were related to Ca + K treatment, and the lowest ones were obtained for control treatment. The highest relative water content, ion leakage and membrane lipid peroxidation were detected in control vines. Therefore, in order to avoid late spring frost in vineyards, the combination of Volck oil + Ca + K was found to be appropriate in vineyards.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Carbohydrate
  • Cold stress
  • Grape
  • Nutrition
  • Total phenol
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