اثر پرایمینگ بذر گیاه خرفه (Portulaca oleracea L.) با سالیسیلات در شرایط آلودگی کروم و سرب

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه زراعت و گیاهان دارویی، واحد شهرکرد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شهرکرد، ایران

2 مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان چهارمحال و بختیاری، شهرکرد، ایران

چکیده

به منظور بررسی اثر پرایمینگ بذر خرفه بر میزان پالایش عناصر سنگین کروم و سرب و صفات رشدی خرفه، آزمایشی در دو مرحله آزمایشگاه و مزرعه در سال 1396 انجام شد. طرح آزمایشی در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی به صورت فاکتوریل 3 عامل با 3 تکرار به صورت گلدانی انجام شد. تیمارها شامل بذور پرایم (با غلظت 1 میلی مول اسیدسالیسیلیک) و غیرپرایم، سطوح مختلف کروم (0، 25، 75 و 100 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم) و سرب (0، 50، 150و 300 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم) بودند. نتایج نشان داد سطوح مختلف کروم و سرب تأثیر معنی‌داری بر خصوصیات مورفوفیزیولوژیکی داشت. با افزایش غلظت فلزات، مقدار صفات وزن تر و خشک اندام‌های زمینی و هوایی و درصد عصاره ساختار هوایی، به‌طور معنی‌داری نسبت به شاهد کاهش یافت. بیشترین مقادیر صفات وزن تر و خشک اندام‌های زمینی و هوایی و درصد عصاره ساختار هوایی، مربوط به گیاهان پرایم شده بدون آلودگی فلزات سنگین و پایین‌ترین میزان در گیاهان غیرپرایم با بالاترین سطوح آلودگی کروم (100میلی­گرم بر کیلوگرم) و سرب (300 میلی‌گرم بر کیلوگرم) بدست آمد. با توجه به نتایج بدست آمده، پرایمینگ بذر خرفه، تأثیر افزاینده در پالایش عناصر کروم و سرب از خاک داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of seed priming of Purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.) with salicylate under chromium and lead contamination

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elham Jafarian 1
  • Mehrab Yadegari 1
  • Ramin Irani Pour 2
1 Department of Agronomy and Medicinal Plants, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran
2 Center of Agricultural and Natural Resources of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiary Province, Shahrekord, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effect of seed priming on the purification capacity of heavy metals chromium and lead and growth traits of purslane, an experiment was conducted at two stages of the field and the laboratory during 2017. The experimental design was conducted in a completely randomized design with 3 factors in a factorial layout with 3 replications in a pot. Treatments in the field included seed priming (by 1mM salicylic acid), non-primed seeds, and different levels of chromium (0, 25, 75, and 100 mg/kg) and lead (0, 50, 150 and 300 mg / kg). Results showed that different levels of chromium and lead had significant effects on morpho-physiological characteristics of the plants. With increasing heavy metal concentration, fresh/dry weight of root/shoot and shoot extraction significantly decreased compared to control. The highest values of fresh/dry weight of root/shoot and shoot extraction were obtained from primed seed and no heavy metals treatment while the lowest levels were obtained from the highest levels of chromium (100 mg / kg) and lead (300 mg / kg) treatments in non-primed seeds. Based on the obtained results, seed priming with salicylic acid had increasing effect on the remediation of chrome and lead elements from soil.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Extraction
  • Heavy metals
  • Remediation
  • Salicylic acid
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