اثر کودهای زیستی بیومیک و نانو (آهن، روی، منگنز) بر عملکرد اقتصادی، آنزیم‌های آنتی‌اکسیدانی و غلظت برخی عناصر چای ترش (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) تحت تنش خشکی

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه فضای سبز و باغبانی، دانشگاه زابل، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل،زابل، ایران

2 گروه اصلاح نباتات و بیوتکنولوژی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

3 گروه زراعت، دانشگاه زابل، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

چکیده

به­منظور بررسی اثرات کود نانو (آهن، روی، منگنز)، زیستی بیومیک و تنش خشکی بر عملکرد اقتصادی کاسبرگ، فعالیت آنزیم­های آنتی اکسیدانی و غلظت برخی عناصر در گیاه چای ترش تحت تنش خشکی، آزمایشی در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه زابل در سال 1394 به صورت کرت­های یک­بار خرد شده در قالب بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار انجام شد. تیمار­های آزمایش شامل چهار سطح تنش خشکی (30، 50، 70 و 90 درصد رطوبت قابل دسترس) به عنوان عامل اصلی و چهار سطح (عدم مصرف کود، نانو آهن، ترکیبات آهنی و نانو زیستی بیومیک) به‌عنوان عامل فرعی بودند. اثرات اصلی تنش خشکی، کود و برهمکنش آن­ها بر کلیه صفات مورد بررسی در سطح احتمال یک درصد معنی­دار شد. بیشترین وزن تر و خشک محلول­پاشی کود نانو آهن و تنش خشکی 70 درصد ظرفیت زراعی بدست آمد. تیمار کود نانو آهن و 30 درصد رطوبت قابل دسترس، بیشترین فعالیت آنزیم­های کاتالاز، گایاکول پراکسیداز و آسکوربات پراکسیداز را شامل شد. کاربرد کود نانو آهن باعث افزایش غلظت عناصر ماکرو و میکرو (آهن، روی،ازت، فسفر وپتاس) در گیاه شد و بیشترین مقدار غلظت عناصر آهن، روی، فسفر وپتاس در برهمکنش کود نانو آهن و تنش  خشکی 70 درصد ظرفیت زراعی بدست آمد. به‌طورکلی می­توان گفت تنش موجب تأثیرات مخرب بر گیاه شده و مصرف نانو آهن موجب افزایش تحمل گیاه به تنش شده و استفاده از گیاه چای ترش برای شرایط تنش مناسب می­باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of biodegradable and nanotropic fertilizers (Manganese, Cupper, and Zinc) on economic yield, antioxidant enzymes and concentration of some elements in Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) under drought Stress

نویسندگان [English]

  • esmat hashemi 1
  • nafiseh mahdi nezhad 2
  • barat ali fakheri 2
  • roghaei mohammadpour 3
1 Department of Horticulture and Landscape, Collage of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
2 Department of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, Collage of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Iran
3 student
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effects of nanofertilizers (Fe, Zn, and Mn), Bioumik biological fertilizer, and drought stress on the economic yield of the sepal, antioxidant enzymes, and concentration of some elements in roselle plants under drought stress, a spilt plots experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replications at Research Farm of the University of Zabol in 2015. Experimental treatments included drought stress at 4 levels (30, 50, 70, and 90 percent available moisture) as the main factor and four levels of fertilizers (no fertilizer, nano-iron, iron compounds, and nano-biological fertilizers) as the sub-agent. The main effects of drought stress, fertilizer, and their interactions on all traits were significant at P≤0.01. The highest fresh and dry weights were obtained under nano-iron fertilizer and 70 percent drought tolerance. Nano-iron fertilizer and 30 percent available moisture content resulted in the highest levels of catalase, guaiacol peroxidase, and ascorbate peroxidase enzymes. Application of nano-iron fertilizer increased the concentration of micro and macro elements (Fe, Zn, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium) in the plant and the highest concentrations of the elements were observed in the interaction of nano-iron fertilizer with drought stress at 70 percent capacity of the pot. In general, it can be said that stress has a destructive effect on the plant, the use of nano-iron increases plant tolerance to stress, and the use of Roselle plant is suitable for stress conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Maci tea
  • Micronutrient
  • performance
  • water shortage
  • Spraying

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