تأثیر نوع و روش کاربرد کودهای نانو و شیمیایی بر عملکرد دانه و اسانس گل گاو زبان اروپایی (Borago officinalis L.)

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران.

2 گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

3 گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

4 گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

به منظور بررسی اثر مصرف کودهای شیمیایی و نانو بر عملکرد و اسانس گیاه دارویی گل گاو زبان، آزمایشـی در دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز در قالب اسپلیت پلات بر پایه­ی طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در سال92 اجرا گردید. سطوح مختلف کود در 11 سطح شامل (کودسولفات آهن، نانو آهن 10 درصد، سولفات روی، نانو روی20 درصد، اوره، نانو اوره، سولفات پتاس، نانوپتاس 23 درصد، کود میکرو کامل، نانوسوپر میکرو کامل و شاهد) و سطوح مختلف روش کاربرد کود در سه سطح شامل (مصرف خاکی، محلول­پاشی، مصرف خاکی+محلول پاشی) در نظر گرفته شدند. نتایج نشان داد که مصرف کود اوره باعث افزایش وزن خشک سرشاخه گلدار و ارتفاع بوته نسبت به شاهد گردید. مصرف کود نانو اوره موجب افزایش سطح برگ، شاخص برداشت، اسانس گل و عملکرد اسانس نسبت به شاهد گردد. کاربرد اوره و پتاس در هر دو فرم شیمیایی و نانو بیشترین تاثیر افزایشی در سرشاخه­های گلدار و اسانس گل را داشتند. کاربرد کود نانو اوره، مقدار تولید اسانس گیاه را افزایش داد. با توجه به اثرات مطلوب کودهای نانو نسبت به کودهای شیمیایی استفاده از این نوع کودها در راستای کشاورزی پایدار گامی موثر خواهد بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of type and method of application of nano- and chemical fertilizers on seed yield and essential oils of borage (Borago officinalis L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • parizad mahmoodi 1
  • Mehrdad Yarnia 2
  • Varahram Rashidi 2
  • Reza Amirnia 3
  • Alireza Tarinezhad 4
1 Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.
4 Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

A split plot experiment was conducted to investigate the seed and essence yield of borage (Borago officinalis L.) under the influence of type and method of application of nanofertilizers based on a complete random block design with arrangement of split plot-factorial in three replications at Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch in 2013. Fertilizers at 11 levels (Iron sulphate, nano-iron %10, Zinc sulphate, nano-zinc %20, urea and nano-urea, sulphate-potash, nano-potash %23, complete micro fertilizer, nano-complete micro-fertilizer, and control) along with different methods of application including (soil application, foliar application, and soil + foliar application) were considered. Results showed that use of urea fertilizer increased dry weight of shoots and plant height compared with the control group. The use of Nano-urea fertilizer could also significantly increased leaf area, harvest index, flower essence and essential oil yield compared to the control. Application of chemical and nanofertilizers of urea and potash had the most increasing effect on shoot dry weight and flower essential oil. Application of nano-urea increased essence production. Considering the desirable effects of nanofertilizers in comparison with chemical fertilizers, the use of nanofertilizers is suggested as an effective step toward sustainable agriculture.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Borago officinalis L
  • Essential oils
  • Nanofertilizers
  • Seed
  • Urea
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