تأثیر محلول‌پاشی اسید هیومیک بر برخی صفات مورفولوژیکی و فیزیولوژیکی باقلا (Vicia faba L.)

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، واحد چالوس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، چالوس، ایران.

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تأثیر محلول­پاشی اسید هیومیک بر برخی صفات مورفولوژیکی و فیزیولوژیکیباقلا، آزمایشی طی سال­های 95-1393 به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با 3 تکرار در شهرستان چالوس اجرا شد. فاکتورها شامل، زمان محلول­پاشی در سه سطح­ (قبل از کاشت، اواسط رشد رویشی و ابتدای رشد زایشی) و مقدار محلول­پاشی اسید هیومیک در چهار سطح (0، 200، 300 و 400 میلی‌گرم در لیتر در هکتار) بود. نتایج تجزیه واریانس نشان داد که اثر متقابل سال × میزان اسید هیومیک بر اغلب صفات مورد مطالعه  اختلاف معنی­داری در سطح احتمال 1 درصد را نشان داد. اثر متقابل سال × زمان مصرف اسید هیومیک نیز بر صفات وزن خشک 100 دانه، عملکرد دانه، نیتروژن و پتاسیم بذر تأثیر مثبت و معنی­داری را در سطح احتمال 1 درصد داشت. اثر متقابل سه گانه سال × میزان × زمان مصرف اسید هیومیک بر صفات نیتروژن، فسفر و پتاسیم بذر در سطح 5 درصد دارای اثر معنی‌دار بود. مقایسه میانگین داده‌ها نشان داد که محلول­پاشی اسید هیومیک به میزان 200 میلی گرم در لیتر در هکتار بر صفات وزن تر 100 دانه، عملکرد دانه تأثیر مثبت و معنی داری داشت، همچنین محلول­پاشی اسید هیومیک به میزان 300  میلی گرم در لیتر در هکتار در مرحلۀ اواسط رشد رویشی در سال دوم نیز بر غلظت فسفر و پتاسیم بذر مؤثر بود.  

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of spraying humic acid on some morphological and physiological traits of bean (Vicia faba L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Morteza Sam Deliri
  • samaneh roudgarnezhad
  • Amir Abbas Mousavi Mirkalaei
  • Mojtaba neshaee moghaddam
Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences,Chalous Branch, Islamic Azad University, Chalous, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to evaluate the effect of spraying humic acid on some morphological and physiological traits of fava bean, a factorial experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replications in Chalous during 2014-16. The investigated factors included spraying time at three levels (before planting, mid-vegetative growth, and the beginning of reproductive growth) and the amount of humic acid spraying at four levels (0, 200, 300, and 400 mg/l/ha). The results of analysis of variance showed that the interaction of year × amount of humic acid on the most studied traits showed a significant difference at a probability level of 1%. Also, interaction of year × consumption time of humic acid had a positive and significant effect on dry weight of 100 seeds, grain yield, and nitrogen and potassium contents of seeds at p≤0.01. Triple interaction of year × amount × consumption time of humic acid on nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium contents were significant at p≤0.05. Comparison of means showed that spraying humic acid at 200 mg /L/ha had a positive and significant effect on fresh weight of 100 seeds and grain yield. Also, spraying humic acid at 300 mg/L/ha at the second stage of vegetative growth in the second year was effective on the concentrations of potassium and phosphorus in seeds.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bean
  • Concentrations of food elements
  • Grain yield
  • Nitrogen content of seeds
  • Organic fertilizer
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