اثرات هیومیک اسید و میکوریزا بر ویژگی‌های ریختی و غلظت عناصر غذایی لوبیا قرمز (Vigna radiate L.)

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد ساوه، ساوه، ایران

2 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد ساوه، باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، ساوه، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر برهم­کنش میکوریزا و هیومیک اسید بر خصوصیات مورفولوژیک، درصد پروتئین دانه و جذب عناصر غذایی لوبیاقرمز، آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار اجرا شد. فاکتورهای تحقیق شامل قارچ میکوریزا در سه سطح عدم مصرف (شاهد)، استفاده از سویه Glomus intraradice و استفاده از سویه Glomus mossea و همچنین محلول­پاشی هیومیک اسید در سه سطح صفر (شاهد)، 15 و 30  میلی­گرم در لیتر بود. آزمایش به‌صورت گلدانی اما در شرایط طبیعی و کنترل نشده اجرا شد. صفات اندازه‌گیری شده ارتفاع بوته، طول ریشه، وزن خشک بوته، تعداد غلاف در بوته، تعداد دانه در غلاف، وزن صد دانه، درصد پروتئین دانه و درصد نیتروژن و فسفر برگ بود. کاربرد میکوریزا و هیومیک اسید موجب افزایش صفات اندازه­گیری شده به جز تعداد دانه در غلاف و وزن صد دانه شد. در صفات مورد بررسی بین دو سویه اعمال شده اختلاف معنی­دار مشاهده نگردید و بین سطوح 15 و 30  میلی­گرم در لیتر هیومیک اسید نیز تفاوت معنی­دار دیده نشد. به طور کلی محلول­پاشی 15 میلی­گرم در لیتر هیومیک اسید در حضور Glomus mossea تأثیر بیشتری نسبت به سایر تیمارها داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of humic acid and mycorrhiza on morphological characteristics and nutrients concentration of red bean (Vigna unguiculata L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mojtaba Yousefi Rad 1
  • Abolfazl Masomi Zavarian 2
1 department of agronomy, faculty of agriculture, islamic azad univercity, saveh branch, saveh. iran
2 Islamic Azad University, Saveh branch, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Saveh, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effect of interaction of mycorrhiza and humic acid on morphological characteristics, seed protein percentage, and nutrients concentration of red beans, an experiment was conducted as factorial randomized complete block design in three replications. Research factors included mycorrhiza at three levels of control, Glomus intraradice, Glomus mossea, and also foliar application of humic acid at three levels of control, 15, and 30 mg/l. The experiment was conducted as pot and under normal and uncontrolled conditions. Measured traits included plant height, root length, number of plant pods, number of seeds in each pod, 100 seeds weight, seed protein, and nitrogen and phosphorus concentration of leaves. Application of mycorrhiza and humic acid increased measured traits except for the number of seeds in each pod and 100 seeds weight. There was no significant difference between the two strains and also levels of 15 and 30 mg/l humic acid in the studied traits. Generally, foliar application of 15 mg/l humic acid in the presence of mycorrhiza was more effective than other treatments.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Humic acid
  • Morphological Characteristics
  • mycorrhiza
  • Nutrients concentration
  • Protein percentage
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