ارزیابی اثر روی و سیلیس به روش‌های محلول‌پاشی نانوذرات و خاک‌مصرف بر برخی از صفات فیزیولوژیکی گیاه برنج (Oryza sativa L.)

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه کشاورزی، واحد گرگان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، گرگان، ایران

2 گروه کشاورزی، واحد قائمشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قائمشهر، ایران

3 گروه کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، گرگان، ایران

چکیده

به‌‌منظور بررسی اثر روش‌های کاربرد روی و سیلیس بر برخی صفات فیزیولوژیکی گیاه برنج رقم طارم هاشمی، آزمایشی در سال 1395 در شهرستان نور به صورت طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با 16 تیمار در سه تکرار اجرا گردید. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل T1: شاهد، T2: کاربرد خاکی سیلیکات کلسیم، T3: کاربرد خاکی سولفات روی، T4: سیلیکات کلسیم + سولفات روی، T5: محلول‌پاشی نانوسیلیکون، T6: محلول‌پاشی نانوسیلیکون + کاربرد خاکی سیلیکات کلسیم، T7: محلول‌پاشی نانوسیلیکون + کاربرد خاکی سولفات روی، T8: محلول‌پاشی نانوسیلیکون + کاربرد خاکی سیلیکات کلسیم + سولفات روی، T9: محلول‌پاشی نانواکسید روی، T10: محلول‌پاشی نانواکسید روی + کاربرد خاکی سیلیکات کلسیم، T11: محلول‌پاشی نانواکسید روی + کاربرد خاکی سولفات روی، T12: محلول‌پاشی نانواکسید روی + کاربرد خاکی سیلیکات کلسیم + سولفات روی، T13: محلول‌پاشی نانوسیلیکون + نانواکسید روی، T14: محلول‌پاشی نانوسیلیکون + نانواکسید روی + کاربرد خاکی سیلیکات کلسیم، T15: محلول‌پاشی نانوسیلیکون + نانواکسید روی + کاربرد خاکی سولفات روی و T16: محلول‌پاشی نانوسیلیکون + نانواکسید روی + کاربرد خاکی سیلیکات کلسیم + سولفات روی بودند. نتایج نشان داد تیمارهای آزمایش اثر معنی‌داری بر صفات میزان پروتئین کاه، روی دانه و کاه و سیلیس دانه و کاه داشتند ولی میزان پروتئین دانه و کلروفیل برگ پرچم تحت تأثیر تیمارهای آزمایش قرار نگرفتند. در بین تیمارهای مورد بررسی، مصرف توأم سیلیس و روی منجر به بهبود جذب عناصر غذایی در مقایسه با کاربرد جداگانه عناصر و شاهد شد. این نشان‌‌دهنده جمع‌پذیری ترکیبات روی و سیلیس و اثر هم‌افزایی آن‌ها می‌باشد. کاربرد ترکیبی عناصر سیلیس و روی با هر دو روش‌ محلول‌پاشی نانوذره و خاک‌کاربرد (T16) سبب بهبود میزان جذب عناصر غذایی در دانه و کاه برنج گردید ولی در بین روش‌های مورد استفاده، محلول‌پاشی نانوذرات اثرات مثبت بیشتری در بهبود خصوصیات فیزیولوژیکی گیاه برنج نسبت به تیمارهای خاک‌کاربرد عناصر داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of the effect of foliar and soil application of zinc and silicon nanoparticles on some physiological traits of rice (Oryza sativa L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • norollah kheyri 1
  • Hossein Ajam Norouzi 1
  • Hamid Reza Mobasser 2
  • Benjamin Torabi 3
1 Department of Agriculture, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran
2 Department of Agriculture, Ghaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ghaemshahr, Iran
3 Department of Agriculture, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
چکیده [English]

To evaluate the effect of various application methods of zinc (Zn) and silicon (Si) on some physiological traits of rice (cv. Tarom Hashemi), a field experiment was carried out as factorial based on randomized complete block design with 16 treatments and three replications in Nour in 2016. The experimental treatments included T1: Control, T2: Calcium silicate soil application, T3: Zinc sulfate soil application, T4: Calcium silicate + Zinc sulfate, T5: Nano-Si foliar application, T6: Nano-Si + Calcium silicate, T7: Nano-Si + Zinc sulfate, T8: Nano-Si + Calcium silicate + Zinc sulfate, T9: Nano-Zn oxide foliar application, T10: Nano-Zn oxide + Calcium silicate, T11: Nano-Zn oxide + Zinc sulfate, T12: Nano-Zn oxide + Calcium silicate + Zinc sulfate, T13: Nano-Si + Nano-Zn oxide, T14: Nano-Si + Nano-Zn oxide + Calcium silicate, T15: Nano-Si + Nano-Zn oxide + Zinc sulfate and T16: Nano-Si + Nano-Zn oxide + Calcium silicate + Zinc sulfate. Results showed that straw protein, zinc and silicon in grain and straw were affected by experimental treatments, but the evaluated treatments showed no significant effect on grain protein and chlorophyll content of flag leaf. Among evaluated treatments, the combined application of silicon and zinc improved nutrient absorption compared to separate application of each element and control. This indicates the aggregation of Zn and Si compounds and their synergistic effects. Combined application of silicon and zinc by both methods of NP foliar application and soil application (T16) improved nutrients uptake in grain and straw of rice, but among the methods used, the NP foliar application had a more positive effects in improving physiological characteristics of rice plants than the treatments of soil application of elements.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chlorophyll
  • Nanoparticles
  • Nutrient uptake
  • Protein
  • Rice
  • Soil application
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