اثر ارتفاع بر برخی متابولیت‌های ثانویه اندام‌های مختلف گیاه آقطی (Sambucus ebulus L.) در سه شهر در استان گلستان

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه گیاهان دارویی، مؤسسه آموزش عالی غیرانتفاعی بهاران، گرگان، ایران.

2 گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده تولید گیاهی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، ایران.

3 گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده تولید گیاهی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، گرگان، ایران.

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر ارتفاع و مکان رویش بر برخی از صفات بیوشیمایی آقطی، از سه منطقه استان گلستان (رامیان، توسکستان گرگان و مینودشت) و از سه ارتفاع (بیشتر از 1400 متر)، (بین 600 تا 700 متر) و (کمتر از 300 متر) نمونه‌های برگ، گل و میوه گیاه آقطی در سه تکرار در سال 1394 جمع‌آوری گردید. صفات بیوشیمایی شامل فنل‌کل، فلاونوئیدکل و خاصیت آنتی­اکسیدانی براساس روش استاندارد شیمیایی مورد اندازه‌گیری قرار گرفت. نتایج آزمایش حاکی از آن بود سه عامل ارتفاع، منطقه و اندام دارای اثرات معنی‌داری بر خصوصیات بیوشیمیایی مورد بررسی بودند به‌طوری‌که اثر متقابل منطقه و ارتفاع روی میزان فنل کل‌ و فعالیت آنتی­اکسیدانی و اثر متقابل منطقه و اندام روی میزان فلاونوئیدکل در سطح احتمال 1 درصد و روی فعالیت آنتی­اکسیدانی در سطح احتمال 5 درصد و اثر متقابل ارتفاع و اندام روی میزان فنل‌کل و فلاونوئیدکل در سطح احتمال 5­ درصد معنی­دار بود. همچنین اثر متقابل منطقه، ارتفاع و اندام روی میزان فنل‌کل در سطح احتمال 1درصد و روی میزان فلاونوئیدکل و فعالیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی در سطح احتمال 5­ درصد معنی‌دار شد. به طوری‌که بیش‌ترین میزان فنل‌کل در توسکستان در ارتفاع کم و اندام برگ مشاهده شد و کم­ترین میزان آن  در مینودشت در ارتفاع متوسط در اندام گل بود. همچنین بیش­ترین میزان فلاونوئیدکل در منطقه مینودشت در ارتفاع کم و اندام گل و کم­ترین میزان آن  در منطقه توسکستان در ارتفاع متوسط در اندام میوه مشاهده شد. طبق نتایج بدست امده بیش‌ترین میزان فعالیت آنتی­اکسیدانی در توسکستان در ارتفاع متوسط در اندام میوه و کم‌ترین میزان آن در توسکستان در ارتفاع متوسط در اندام برگ بود. در مجموع می‌توان نتیجه گرفت با افزایش ارتفاع از محتوی فنل‌کل و فلاونوئیدکل کاسته شده و بهترین کیفیت را از گیاهانی در ارتفاعات پایین می‌توان به‌دست آورد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of height on some secondary metabolites of different organs of Sambucus (Sambucus ebulus L.) in three cities of Golestan province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Kaghazloo 1
  • Khodayar Hemati 2
  • Sara Khorasaninejad 3
1 Deptartment of Medicinal Plant, Institute of Higher Education of Baharan, Gorgan, Iran.
2 Deptartment of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.
3 Deptartment of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

 
In order to study the effect of height and habitat on some biochemical features of Sambucus ebulus, an experiment was carried out in three cities in Golestan (Ramiyan, Tuskestan-Gorgan and Minoodasht),  three height levels (elevations above 1400 m, 700-600 m, and below 300 m), and on leaves, flowers and fruit with three replications in 2015. Total phenols, total flavonoids, and antioxidant activity were measured. The results showed significant effects of heights, region, and organs on biochemical features of the plants so that the interaction of effects of the region and height on the total phenol content and antioxidant activity and the interaction of effects of the region and organ on the total phenol content and on the antioxidant activity, and the interaction of effects of the height and organ on  the total phenol content and flavonoids were significant. Also, the interaction of effects of the region, height, and organs was significant on total phenol content and total flavonoids and antioxidant activities. Maximum and minimum total phenol contents were recorded in the leaves of the plants in low height of Tuskestan and in the flowers of plants at average height of Minoodasht, respectively. Also, the highest flavonoid contents were recorded in the flowers at low heights of Minoodasht while the lowest flavonoid content was observed in fruits of the plants at low heights of Tuskestan. The findings also suggest that the maximum antioxidant activity was observed in fruit of the plants at medium elevation in Tuskestan while the minimum content was recorded in leaves of the plants at medium height in Tuskestan. Overall, it can be conclude that total phenol and flavonoids decreased with an increase in the height and the highest quality was obtained from the plants grown at low heights.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • antioxidants
  • Flavonoids
  • Height
  • Sambucus sp
  • Total phenols
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