بررسی اثر کاربرد سطوح مختلف تفاله زیتون (Olea europaea L.) بر عملکرد سه رقم برنج (Oryza sativa L.) در شرایط آب و هوایی خوزستان

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه زیست شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

2 گروه زیست شناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 گروه کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

4 بخش اصلاح و تهیه نهال و بذر، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

این مطالعه با هدف بررسی اثر  تفاله حاصل از روغن کشی زیتون (Olea europaea L.) بر برخی صفات فیزیولوژیکی و عملکرد دانه سه رقم برنج (Oryza sativa L.) انجام گرفت. آزمایش در شرایط گلدانی  به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با سه تکرار انجام شد. کشت سه رقم مختلف گیاه برنج چمپا، دانیال و عنبوری قرمز در خاک‌هایی که با نسبت‌های w/w  1،3،5،7 درصد از تفاله میوه زیتون  مخلوط شده بودند، در محیط باز قرار گرفتند. پس از رشد و رسیدگی کامل برنج محتوای کربوهیدرات‌های محلول دانه، پرولین اندام هوایی، میانگین وزن خوشه، میانگین تعداد دانه‌های خوشه، وزن هزار دانه، شاخص برداشت، عملکرد دانه و زیست توده اندازه گیری شد. مقدار عناصرپتاسیم، فسفر، نیتروژن و روی موجود در تیمارهای مختلف تفاله نیز مورد اندازه گیری قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که کاربرد تفاله منجر به افزایش معنی‌دار در میزان شاخص‌های رشد گیاهان مورد مطالعه نسبت به شاهد گردید. از بین تیمارهای بررسی شده، در نسبت 5 درصد، شاخص‌های رشد افزایش یافتند. علت احتمالی این امر می تواند وجود عناصر موثر بر رشد گیاه در تفاله زیتون باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study on the effect of applying different levels of olive pomace (Olea europaea L.) on the grain yield of three rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars in climatic conditions of Khuzestan

نویسندگان [English]

  • azadeh niroomand 1
  • Mansour Seyyednejad 2
  • farshad abrahimpour 3
  • Abdolali Gilani 4
  • Golamreza Bakhshikhaniki 3
1 Department of Biology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Biology, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
4 Seed and Plant Improvement Research Department, Agricultural and Natural Resources, Education and Research Center, AREEO, Khozestan, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study was performed to investigate the effect of applying olive (Olea europaea L.) pomace on some physiological characteristics and grain yield of three cultivars of rice (Oryza sativa L.). A pot experiment was used based on a completely randomized factorial design with three replications. Five levels of olive fruit pomace (0, 1, 3, 5, and 7% w/w) were applied to three rice cultivars of Champa, Danial, and Red Anbouri. After full growth and maturity of rice, grain soluble carbohydrate content, shoot proline content, mean panicle weight, main grain number per panicle, 1000 grain weight, panicle harvest index, grain yield, 1000-grain, and the biomass were measured. Also, the amount of K, P, N, and Zn in the different treatments of olive fruit pomace was measured. The results showed that application of olive pomace caused a significant increase in the characteristics under investigation compared to control. Under study treatments, growth indices improved at 5% w/w. The possible reason for this could be the existence of elements effective on plant growth in pomace treatments.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Carbohydrate
  • Grain yield
  • Olive pomace
  • Organic fertilizer
  • Rice
 

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