اثر محلول‌پاشی آهن بر عملکرد، اجزای عملکرد و پروتئین دانه عدس

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسنده

گروه کشاورزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد زاهدان، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر در دو سال زراعی 94-1393 و 95-1394 در مزرعه پژوهشی دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران واقع در کرج اجرا شد. هدف آزمایش بررسی اثر محلول­پاشی نانو کلات آهن بر عملکرد، اجزای عملکرد و پروتئین عدس تحت شرایط دیم بود. طرح آزمایشی مورد استفاده بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار و هفت تیمار شامل شاهد (عدم محلول­پاشی)، محلول­پاشی دو در هزار (گرم در لیتر) نانو کود در مراحل گلدهی، غلاف­دهی و گلدهی + غلاف­دهی و محلول­پاشی چهار در هزار (گرم در لیتر) نانو کود در مراحل گلدهی، غلاف­دهی و گلدهی + غلاف­دهی بود. نتایج تجزیه واریانس داده­ها نشان داد که اثر محلول­پاشی آهن بر ویژگی­های اجزای عملکرد دانه، عملکرد بیولوژیک و دانه، شاخص برداشت، آهن و پروتئین دانه و عملکرد پروتئین دانه معنی‌دار شد. اما اثر سال بر این ویژگی­ها معنی‌دار شود. بر اساس مقایسه میانگین­ها، بیشترین مقدار صفات تعداد دانه در بوته، وزن هزار دانه و عملکرد دانه و پروتئین دانه و نیز آهن و پروتئین دانه در تیمار محلول­پاشی چهار در هزار نانو کود در مرحله گلدهی و نیام­دهی به­دست آمد. با این وجود، بین تیمارهای محلول­پاشی دو و چهار در هزار نانو کود در مرحله گلدهی و نیام­دهی از نظر عملکرد دانه و عملکرد پروتئین دانه تفاوت معنی­داری وجود نداشت. بنابراین محلول­پاشی نانو کلات آهن در مرحله گلدهی + نیام­دهی، توانست بیشترین میزان شاخص­های زراعی و عملکرد دانه را تولید کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of foliar application of iron on yield, yield component, and grain protein of lentil crop

نویسنده [English]

  • ahmad mehraban
Agriculture Department, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research was carried out during the growing seasons of 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 at Agricultural Research Station, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tehran in Karaj. The aim was to evaluate the effect of iron foliar application on yield, yield components, and protein content of lentil under rain-fed conditions. A randomized complete block design with three replications and seven treatments (non-foliar application (control), 2 (g L-1) foliar application of nano fertilizer at flowering, podding and flowering + podding stages and  4 (g L-1) foliar application of nano fertilizer at flowering, podding and flowering + podding stages) were used. Analysis of variance showed that the effects of iron foliar spraying on grain yield components, biological and grain yield, harvest index, grain iron and protein content, and grain protein yield were significant. However, the effect of year of plantation was not significant on these properties.  Comparison of means showed that maximum values for the number of grain per plant, 1000-seed weight and grain yield and  grain protein yield, and grain iron and protein were achieved at 4 (g L-1) foliar application of nano fertilizer at flowering + podding stage treatment. However, there was no significant difference for grain yield and grain protein yield between 4 (g L-1) and 2 (g L-1) foliar application of nano fertilizer at flowering + podding stage treatments. Therefore, foliar application of nano-iron chelate at flowering + podding stages can produce the highest agronomic indices and grain yield. Alpha

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rain-fed
  • Lentil
  • Grain yield
  • foliar application
  • Nano iron chelate
Ahmadi, A. and Jabbari, F. (2009). Introduction to plant physiology. Tehran University Press.1: 163-158.
Baghaie, N., Keshavarz, N., Amini Dehaghai, M. and Nazaran, M.H. (2012a). Effect of Nano ironchelate fertilizer on yield and yield componentsof Cumin (Cuminum cyminum) under differentirrigation intervals. International Congress onMedicinal Plants. Kish Island. Iran.
Baghaie, N., Keshavarz, N. and Nazaran, M.H. (2012b). Effect of nano iron chelate fertilizer on yield and yield components of rice, Hashemi cultivar. 12th Iranian Crop Sciences Congress. Islamic Azad University, branch of Karaj. Iran. Karaj.
Baghaie, N. and Maleki Farahani, S. (2014). Comparison of nano and micro chelated iron fertilizers on quantitative yield and assimilates allocation of saffron (Crocus sativus L.). Journal of Saffron Research. 1(2): 156-169.
Bahrani, A. (2015). Effect of some micro and macro nutrients on seed yield and oil content of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). International Journal of Chemical Environmental and Biological Sciences. 3(1): 71-74.
Bahrani, A.M. and Pourreza, A. (2014). Effects of micronutrients on seed yield and oil content of Brassica napus L. CV Talaeh. Botany. 43(2): 231-233.
Briat, J.F., Curie, C. and Gaymard, F. (2007). Iron utilization and metabolism in plants. Current Opinion in Plant Biology. 10: 276-282.
Chohura, P., Kołota, E. and Komosa, A. (2007). The effect of different source of iron on nutritional value of greenhouse tomato fruit grown in peat substrate. Vegetable Crops Research Bulletin. 67: 55-61.
Eleyan, S.E.D., Abodahab, A.A., Abdallah, A.M. and Rabeh., H.A. (2014). Effect of foliar application of manganese and iron on growth characters, yield and fiber properties of some Egyptian cotton cultivars (Gossypium barbadense L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. 7: 1283-1292.
Habib, M. (2009). Effect of foliar application of Zn and Fe on wheat yield and quality. African Journal of Biotechnology.8 (24):6795-6798.
Hamzei, J., Najjari, S., Sadeghi, F. and Seyedi, M. (2014). Effect of foliar application of nano-iron chelate and inoculation with mesorhizobium bacteria on root nodulation, growth and yield of chickpea under rainfed conditions. Iranian Journal of Pulses Research. 5(2): 9-18.
Heidarian, A.R., Kord, H., Mostafavi, K., Parviz Lak, A. and Amini Mashhadi, F. (2011). Investigating Fe and Zn foliar application on yield and its components of soybean at different growth stages. Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development. 3(9): 189 -197.
Irmak, S., Nuran Çıl, A., Yücel, H. and Kaya, Z. (2012). The effects of iron application to soil and foliarly on agronomic properties and yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea). Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment.10 (3and4): 417 - 422.
Jokar, L. and Ronaghi, A. (2015). Effect of foliar application of different Fe levels and sources on growth and concentration of some nutrients in sorghum. Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture. 6(2): 163-173.
Kafi, M., Borzooei, A., Salehi, M., Kamandi, A., Maassoumi, A. and Nabati, M. (2009). Plant environmental stress physiology. Mashhad University Jihad Press.p. 502.
Kassab, O.M., Zeing, H.A.E. and Ibrahim, M.M. (2004). Effect of water deficit and micronutrients foliar application on the productivity of wheat plants. Menofia Journal of Agricultural Research. 29: 925-932.
Kobraee, S., Noormohamadi, G., Heidari Sharif Abad, H., Darvish Kajori, F. and Delkhosh, B. (2013). Micronutrients distribution in soybean plant with Zn, Fe, and Mn application. Annual Review and Research in Biology. 3(2): 83-91.
Komosa, A., Kołota, E. and Chohura, P. (2002). Usefulness of iron chelates for fertilization of greenhouse tomato cultivated in rockwool. Vegetable Crop Research Bulletin. 55: 35-40.
Ladan Moghadam, A., Vattani, H. Baghaei, N. and Keshavarz, N. (2012). Effect of different levels of fertilizer nano_iron chelates on growth and yield characteristics of two varieties of Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.): Varamin 88 and Viroflay. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology. 4(12): 4813-4818.
Lashani, H. (2006). Effect of systems farming- nutrinional on yield and yield components of cultivar SC704 in climatic Khorramabad. M.SC. thesis. Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University.p. 109.
Magomya, A.M., Kubmarawa, D., Ndahi, J.A. and Yebpella, G.G. (2014). Determination of plant proteins via the Kjeldahl method and amino acid analysis: A comparative study. International Journal of Science Technology Research. 3(4): 68-72.
Mahmoudi, H., Ksouri, R. and Lachaal, M. (2005). Differences in responses to iron deficiency between two legumes: lentil and chickpea. Journal of Plant Physiology. 162: 1237-1254.
Mazlomi M., Pirzad, A. and Zardoshti, M. (2012). Allocation ratio of photosynthate to different parts of sugar beet plant affected by nano-iron foliar application at varying growth stages. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences. 2: 121: 128.
Moosavi, A.A. and Ronaghi, A. (2011). Influence of foliar and soil application of iron and manganese on soybean dry matter yield and iron-manganese relationship in in a calcareous soil. Australian Journal Crop Science. 5: 1550-1556.
Pahlavan Rad, M.R., Keykha, G. and Naroui Rad, M.R. (2008). Effects of application of Zn, Fe and Mn on yield, yield component, nutrient concentration and uptake in wheat grain. Pajouhesh and Sazandegi.79: 142-150.
Parsa, M. and Bagheri, A. (2013). Legumes. Mashhad Jahad Daneshgahi Press.p. 524.
Pirzad, A. and Shokrani, F. (2012). Effects of iron application on growth characters and flower yield of Calendula officinalis L. under water stress. World Applied Sciences Journal. 18(9): 1203-1208.
Pourgholam, M., Nemati, N. and Oveysi, M. (2013). Effect of zinc and iron under the influence of drought on proline, protein and nitrogen leaf of rapeseed (Brassica napus). Annals of Biological Research. 4(7): 200-203.
Rayan, J.R., Estefan, G. and Rashid, A. (2007). Soil and plant analysis laboratory manual. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas. 62-65.
Roosta, H.R. and Mohsenian, Y. (2012). Effects of foliar spray of different Fe sources on pepper (Capsicum annum L.) plants in aquaporin system. Scientia Horticulturae. 146: 182–191.
Salem, H.M. and El-Gizawy, N.K.B. (2012). Importance of micronutrients and its application methods for improving maize yield grown in clayey soil. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science. 12 (7): 954-959.
Schenkeveld, W.D., Reichwein, A.M. Bugter, M.H. Temminghoff, E.J. and van Riemsdijk, W.H. (2010). Performance of soil-applied FeEDDHA isomers in delivering Fe to soybean plants in relation to the moment of application. Journal Agriculture Food Chemistry. 58:12833–12839.
Whiting, D., Card, A. Wilson, C. and Reeder, J. (2014). Iron Chlorosis: Iron Additves. Colorado State University. 223‐7.
Zayed, B.A., Salem, A.K.M. and Sharkawy, H.M. (2011). Effect of different micronutrient treatments on rice (Oriza sativa L.) growth and yield under saline soil conditions. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 7:179-184.