گیاه پالایی، دست آوردی سبز برای پالایش سیاهی

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ساوه‌، ساوه،ایران

2 گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ساوه، ساوه، ایران

چکیده

این بررسی به وضعیت فنآوری گیاه پالایی با تاکید خاص بر استخراج گیاهی از خاک آلوده به فلزات سنگین می‌پردازد. برخلاف ترکیبات آلی خاک، فلزات سنگین قابل تجزیه نمی‌باشند و پاکسازی آنها معمولا با جداسازی آنها انجام می‌گیرد. بسیاری از فن آوری‌های رایج، پرهزینه و محدودکننده حاصلخیزی خاک می‌باشند، بنابراین، این عمل باعث ایجاد اثرات منفی بر اکوسیستم می‌گردد. گیاه پالایی یک روش مقرون به صرفه، سازگار با محیط زیست، با رویکردی زیبا و دل انگیز، مناسب برای کشورهای در حال توسعه است. با وجود این پتانسیل، گیاه پالایی، تکنولوژی تجاری در دسترس در ایران است. این مقاله در مورد متحرک بودن، فراهمی زیستی و پاسخ گیاه به حضور فلزات سنگین خاک می‌پردازد. طبقه‌بندی گیاهان با توجه به مکانیسم استخراج گیاهی و در مسیر  فلز در گیاهان انجام می‌شود. به تکنیک‌های مختلف به‌منظور افزایش استخراج گیاهی و استفاده از محصولات بعدی گیاه پالایی، پرداخته شده است. از آنجا که مقدار زیادی زیتوده در طول این فرایند گیاه پالایی تولید می‌گردد، دفع زیتوده نیز نیاز به  مدیریت مناسب دارد. گیاهان با زیتوده بالا برای محدود کردن عبور آلاینده به زنجیره غذایی انتخاب می‌گردند که غیر خوراکی، مقاوم به بیماری باشند و بتواند انرژی‌های تجدیدپذیر ارائه کنند. بنابراین روش استخراج گیاهی برای استفاده در موقعیت فعلی کشورمان  مناسب‌تر از سایر روش‌ها خواهد بود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Phytoremediation: A green achievement for purgation of darkness

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Farzamisepehr 1
  • A. Hani 2
1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh,
2 Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh, Iran
چکیده [English]

This review focused on phytoremediation technology status with particular emphasis on plant extraction of soil contaminated with heavy metals. Unlike organic compounds, heavy metals are not biodegradable and treatment usually is done by separating them. Many current technologies, costly and limiting soil fertility, therefore, this action would cause negative effects on the ecosystem. Phytoremediation is a cost-effective, environmentally friendly, aesthetically pleasing approach is suitable for developing countries. Despite this potential, phytoremediation, technology is commercially available in Iran. This article is about mobility, bioavailability and plant response to the presence of heavy metals in soil. Classify plants according to the mechanism of plant extracts is done.  Various techniques has been discussed to enhance plant extraction and subsequent use of phytoremediation. Since a large amount of biomass produced during the process of purification plants, disposal of biomass also requires proper management. Plants with high biomass contaminants through the food chain are elected to limit the non-edible, resistant to disease and able to provide renewable energy. Therefore, herbal extracts for use in the current situation of our country will be better than other methods.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dominant plant
  • Heavy metals
  • Heavy accumulators
  • Plant extraction

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