اثر روش‌های مختلف استخراج بر خصوصیات آنتی‌اکسیدانی اندام‌های مختلف گیاه بادام وحشی ( .Amygdalus scoparia L)

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه ارومیه

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد

چکیده

گیاهان دارویی یکی از منابع مهم آنتی اکسیدان‌ها می‌باشند. باتوجه به سمی بودن و اثرات نامطلوب آنتی اکسیدان‌های سنتزی موجود در موادغذایی، نیاز به آنتی اکسیدان‌های طبیعی از گیاهان با سمیت کمتر و اثر بخشی بیشتر یک ضرورت جدی است. در این تحقیق گیاه بادام وحشی از استان ایلام جمع آوری و خشک شدند و استخراج عصاره به روش حلال (آبی، هیدروالکلی و اتانولی)، کلونجر و سوکسله انجام شد. در این مطالعه هدف مقایسه خاصیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی اندام‌های مختلف گیاه بادام وحشی و بررسی اثر روش‌های مختلف استخراج بر محتوای فنولی، محتوای فلاونوئیدی کل، فعالیت آنتی اکسیدانی کل و ارزیابی فعالیت ضد رادیکالی با انجام آزمون DPPH بود. نتایج آزمایش حاضر نشان داد که در میوه‌ی کامل، مغز و پوسته‌ سبزبادام استخراج با روش هیدروالکلی بیشترین خاصیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی را داشت. همچنین بر اساس نتایج به دست آمده برای برگ بادام روش آبی بیشترین خاصیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی را دارا بود. در برگ و میوه‌ بادام محتوای فنول کل با خاصیت فلاونوئیدی و خاصیت آنتی اکسیدانی همبستگی مثبت معنی‌داری را نشان داد، همینطور بین خاصیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی کل و درصد بازدارندگی DPPH همبستگی مثبت معنی‌داری مشاهده شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The pollution effect of Kermanshah petrochemical industry on some growth and physiological characteristics of Pinus eldarica Medw. and Cupressus sempervirens L.

نویسنده [English]

  • Nayer Mohammadkhani 1
چکیده [English]

Natural and artificial forests absorb air pollutants and reduce pollution in addition to wood production. This study investigated the role of Polchahr forestation region in Kermanshah was investigated in reducing pollution due to petrochemical industry and also the effect of zinc and chromium on physiological characteristics and growth of Pinus eldarica Medw. and Cupressus Sempervirens L. The plantation area in Petrochemicals factory (infected site) and a plantation area around Petrochemicals (control site) were designated for the study. Results showed that the concentration of the two elements in roots and stems of both species in the infected site were significantly higher than the control site. Also in the area infested with the two elements, the shoot and root lengths of Pinus eldarica Medw. species decreased significantly compared to the control area while in Cupressus sempervirens L. only root length in the contaminated area was significantly difference from the control areas. Moreover, results showed that in the infected area, total chlorophyll, and proline and sugar contents in the leaves of the Pinus eldarica Medw. and Cupressus sempervirens L. species were significantly different compared to the disinfected area. In general, reduction in the pollution with zinc and chromium was more in Pinus eldarica Medw. than in Cupressus sempervirens

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chromium
  • Cupressus sempervirens L
  • Kermanshah
  • Petrochemical industry
  • Pinus eldarica Medw
  • Pollution
  • zinc
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