تأثیر ورمی کمپوست و چای کمپوست بر عملکرد و جذب نیتروژن، فسفر و پتاسیم نعنای آبی ( .Mentha aquatica L) تحت تلقیح با قارچ میکوریزا Glomus moseae

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه زراعت، واحد کرج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرج، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر چای کمپوست، ورمی کمپوست (به‌عنوان کوهای آلی) و همزیستی میکوریزایی بر اجزای عملکرد و عملکرد نعنای آبی آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کامل تصادفی با 4 تکرار در سال 1393 در ساری اجرا شد. فاکتورهای آزمایش شامل میکوریزا گونه Glomus moseae (صفر و 10 درصد حجم گلدان)، ورمی کمپوست (صفر و 10 درصد حجم گلدان) و چای کمپوست (صفر و 5/1 لیتر) بود. صفاتی از قبیل شاخص‌های رشد و میزان نیتروژن، فسفر و پتاسیم اندام‌های هوایی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج بدست آمده نشان داد تیمارهای کود آلی و میکوریزا تاثیر معنی‌دار بر وزن خشک و تر و قطر گل داشتند و کلیه صفات مورد بررسی را در مقایسه با شاهد افزایش دادند. به‌طوری که بیشترین قطر گل،میزان نیتروژن و فسفر از تیمار میکوریزا + چای کمپوست + ورمی کمپوست به‌دست آمد. اثرات متقابل سه گانه‌ نشان داد عدم کاربرد چای کمپوست × کاربرد ورمی کمپوست × همزیستی میکوریزایی سطح برگ را نسبت به شاهد افزایش داد. نتایجتحقیق حاضر نشان داد کاربرد ورمی کمپوست، چای کمپوست و همزیستی میکوریزایی از طریق در دسترس قرار دادن عناصر غذایی باعث افزایش اجزای عملکرد و بهبود صفات کمی و کیفی گیاه نعنای آبی گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of vermicomposting and compost tea on nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium yield and uptake of Mentha aquatic L. inoculated with mycorrhizal fungi Glomus moseae

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Koozehgar kaleji
  • Mohammad Reza Ardakani
Department of Agronomy, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to evaluate the effect of compost tea, vermicomposting (as organic fertilizers), and mycorrhizal symbiosis on Mentha aquatica yield and its components, a factorial experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with four replications in 2015 in Sari. The factors examined included mycorrhizal Glomus moseae (0 and 10% of the pot volume), vermicomposting (0 and 10% of the pot volume), and compost tea (at 0 and 1.5 liter). Some characteristics such as growth indices, amount of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium in shoots were examined. The results of the study showed that organic fertilizers and mycorrhizal fungi had a significant impact on all measured characteristics and increased dry and fresh weight and flower diameter characteristics when compared with those of the control group so that the highest leaf area, flower diameter, and nitrogen and phosphorus contents were obtained from the mycorrhizal fungi + compost tea + vermicomposting treatment. The triple interaction effects showed that the absence of compost tea, vermicomposting and mycorrhizae symbiosis treatments increased the leaf area compared to the control.  The results indicated that using vermicomposting, compost tea, and mycorrhizal symbiosis through the availability of nutrients increases the yield and improves the quantity and quality of Mentha aquatica harvest.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bio-fertilizer
  • foliar application
  • Leaf area
  • Local food
  • medicinal plants
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